Reducing risk is often an investor’s greatest concern and is the main reason why they choose to diversify their assets. Hence, they avoid “putting all their eggs in one basket”. Choosing numerous asset classes that fluctuate independently of each other can reduce the volatility of an investor’s overall portfolio and can also provide an investor with a higher return on their investments. A diversified portfolio will have less risk than the weighted average risk of its constituent assets, and often less risk than the least risky of its constituent. Therefore, any risk-averse investor will choose to diversify at least some extent.
Diversification is an important strategy in limiting your financial risk. Your level of risk tolerance and the amount of time you have before you need the money will help you decide what percentage of your portfolio to assign to each asset class. It is recommended that you spread your wealth out across a variety of investments, known as portfolio diversification. If you’re already an investor, you will be aware that market conditions change over time and some investments in your portfolio will outperform others.
There are two ways to diversify. Firstly, you can spread your investment funds among the major asset classes including stocks and bonds, and secondly, you can do so within an asset class such as large companies in the stock market. This helps you balance the risks and rewards of the asset classes and the investment within the asset class itself. Although diversification is no guarantee against financial loss it is still regarded as one of the most important strategies to enable investors to attain their long term goals.
Diversification is not, however, a solution for all types of risk. There are some risks which are not specific to an industry sector and cannot be mitigated through diversification. These risks relate to economic and political events such as inflation, political upheaval, war, interest and exchange rate fluctuations. An investor just has little choice but to accept these types of risk. The risks that are specific to a company, an economy, an industrial sector, or a market and are typed as financial or business risks can, of course, be reduced by diversification.
To summarise, one of the primary goals of any good investor is to protect their capital. Simply stated, that means, keeping investment losses to a minimum by implementing an effective diversification strategy. As we have seen, this means investing across different types of industry sectors to ensure that your stocks are as uncorrelated as possible and into different asset classes such as bonds so they do not react in the same way to negative events. If you diversify across both bonds and stocks, adverse movements in one asset class will be offset by positive movements in the other asset class, thereby minimising your losses. If you are trading binary options, you should enlist the services of a broker such as Banc De Binary to assist with your investment strategy.